17 | 12 | 2017

SCHOOL BASED DEWORMING PROJECT - KENYA

Trinity United Methodist Church in Kenya is geared towards deworming one million children in Kenya.

 

Worms affect children’s health, potentially causing:

Anemia.

Malnourishment.

Impairment of mental and physical development (Hotez et al. 2006; Stephenson 1987).

 

Deworming is a safe, simple, and cost-effective solution: school-based ways of eradication worms from children especially from poor families . It has been shown to reduce absenteeism by 25%. School-based deworming is one of the most cost-effective methods of improving school participation ever rigorously evaluated.

1

Worms affect both the health and education of children

 

The intensity of worm infection is greatest in school children.

 

During a period of both intense physical growth and learning, school-age children suffer the highest burden of worm infections and, consequentially, the greatest morbidity

 

The two types of worms that most commonly affect

children are schistosomes (also known as bilharzia) and soil-transmitted helminths , which include roundworm, whipworm, and hookworm.

Worms affect children’s health, potentially causing:

Anemia.

Malnourishment.

Impairment of mental and physical development (Hotez et al. 2006; Stephenson 1987).

 

Short term, children with worms may be too sick or tired to attend school or to concentrate.

 

Long term, like under nutrition, worms are associated with:

Impaired cognitive development and decreased educational achievement (Simeon and Grantham-McGregor 1990; Mendez and Adair 1999).

Poor performance on cognitive function tests which delays reaction times (Watkins and Pollitt 1997).

Poor short term memory (Jukes et al. 2002).

Even longer term it is estimated that:

Infection leads to an average IQ loss of 3.75 points per child.

Children persistently infected with hookworm are less likely to be literate (13%) and earn less as adults (43%) than those who grow up free of worms (Bleakley 2007).

 

OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT

Cost-effectiveness of different education interventions.

School-based deworming alleviates or prevents the many health impacts mentioned, and by doing so contributes to:

• Reduction of absenteeism (Miguel and Kremer 2004).

• Increased potential to learn (Grigorenko 2006).

• Having the greatest impact on the neediest children. School-based deworming is pro-poor.

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